CEPI, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations, CSL and The University of Queensland (UQ) announced that they have entered into a new, significant partnering agreement to accelerate the development, manufacture and distribution of a Covid-19 vaccine candidate which has been pioneered by researchers at UQ. The agreement formalizes the support provided by CSL to UQ and CEPI from the outset of the pandemic earlier this year.
CEPI and CSL will fund the development and manufacture of UQ’s “molecular clamp” enabled vaccine for Covid-19. Funding contributions will be used to provide support for the pending phase 1 safety study being led by UQ followed by subsequent late stage clinical trials, and industrial-scale manufacturing to allow the production of potentially millions of doses a year, should the product be approved.
The initial phase of large-scale production of the UQ Covid-19 vaccine is planned to take place at CSL’s biotech manufacturing facilities in Melbourne, Australia. While there are several critical milestones to be met before the vaccine can be considered successful, CSL anticipates that the production technology can be scaled to produce up to one hundred million doses towards the end of 2021. CSL would also subcontract other global manufacturers to increase the number of doses that can be produced and broaden the geographical distribution of vaccine production.
Should clinical trials be successful, a vaccine could be available for distribution in 2021.
The “molecular clamp” vaccine platform
CEPI entered into a framework agreement with UQ in January 2019 to provide up to US$ 10.6 million to develop a rapid response “molecular clamp” vaccine platform, a transformative technology patented by UniQuest, UQ’s technology transfer company that enables rapid vaccine design and production against outbreak viral pathogens. In January 2020, CEPI expanded its partnership with UQ to use their rapid response molecular clamp vaccine platform to produce a vaccine candidate for COVID-19. UQ is now aiming to take the vaccine candidate in to a phase 1 clinical trial in July.
Enveloped viruses have proteins on their surface that drive fusion of the virus and host cell membranes, a key process in infection. These proteins are also the major target of a protective immune response. Although they can induce an immune response, they are inherently unstable and can change shape when expressed on their own. This means that the immune response induced does not efficiently recognize the protein on the virus surface and so does not provide protection from subsequent infection.
UQ has overcome this problem by using their proprietary “molecular clamp” technology that locks the unstable, prefusion version of the surface proteins in a form that allows the immune system to respond more effectively. This is achieved using their proprietary “molecular clamp” technology that locks these proteins in their native virus surface form. This synthetic protein can then be purified and rapidly manufactured into a vaccine.
Most recently, early preclinical results of the UQ COVID-19 vaccine candidate showed that it produced high levels of antibodies that can neutralize the virus.
The UQ COVID-19 vaccine will be combined with Seqirus’ well-established adjuvant technology – MF59 to improve immune response, reduce the amount of antigen needed for each vaccine, and enable more doses to be manufactured more rapidly.
Allocation and distribution
Under the agreement, the allocation of doses between CEPI and CSL is linked to their relative contribution to overall project costs. Should the UQ COVID-19 vaccine be successful, 100% of CEPI’s vaccine allocation will be distributed through the COVID-19 Vaccine Global Access Facility, an instrument of the Vaccines pillar of the ACT Accelerator within which CEPI works in partnership with Gavi and the World Health Organization. CSL’s allocation will be used, at a minimum, to support its long-standing biosecurity commitment to the Australian community as well as other key groups, such as its regional neighbors. CSL has granted CEPI a first right of refusal to any surplus doses, to be distributed through the Covid-19 Vaccine Global Access Facility.
CEPI’s vaccine portfolio
To date, CEPI has provided initial support and funding to Curevac, Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Moderna, Novavax. The University of Queensland, The University of Hong Kong, The University of Oxford, and a consortium led by Institute Pasteur, and Clover Biopharmaceuticals to develop Covid-19 vaccine candidates.
Richard Hatchett, chief executive officer of CEPI, said, “This significant partnership between CEPI, UQ and CSL is an important milestone in the development of UQ’s promising Covid-19 vaccine candidate. The partnership will enable the rapid development of the vaccine candidate through clinical trials. By investing in large-scale manufacturing capacity now, we can now reduce the time needed to deliver millions of doses of the UQ vaccine to those who need them most if it proves to be safe and effective.”
Andrew Cuthbertson, CSL’s chief scientific officer, said, “We are pleased to be able to provide our scientific expertise and platform technologies to make a strong contribution to this critical joint effort with CEPI, the University of Queensland and others. The devastating toll COVID-19 has inflicted on the world is being countered by an extraordinary effort from scientists who have crossed borders and boundaries to collaborate, pool together their resources and make progress at a rate not seen before.
Professor Peter Høj, vice-chancellor and president of the University of Queensland, said, “We are delighted at the speed with which we have been able to reach this critical juncture and off the back of positive results from our early preclinical studies. This accelerated timeframe, hitting the key milestones in the development of the UQ vaccine, would not have been possible without CEPI, our partners and additional funding assistance from the Queensland State Government (US $10 million), the Federal Government (US $5 million) and philanthropic partners. Having CSL, an Australian-based global biotech leader, take our vaccine forward is a fantastic result for the dedicated research team who have worked tirelessly since January on this project, which will benefit Australians and the world.”